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Parsley, dried (raw?, organic?)

With its spicy taste, dried parsley is often used as a kitchen spice or garnish. Still raw? Organic quality?
Macronutrient carbohydrates 61.2%
Macronutrient proteins 32.18%
Macronutrient fats 6.62%

The three ratios show the percentage by weight of macronutrients (carbohydrates / proteins / fats) of the dry matter (excl. water).

Ω-6 (LA, 1.2g)
Omega-6 fatty acid such as linoleic acid (LA)
 : Ω-3 (ALA, 1.9g)
Omega-3 fatty acid such as alpha-linolenic acid (ALA)
 = 1:1

Omega-6 ratio to omega-3 fatty acids should not exceed a total of 5:1. Link to explanation.

Here, essential linolenic acid (LA) 1.25 g to essential alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) 1.86 g = 0.67:1.
Ratio Total omega-6 = 1.26 g to omega-3 fatty acids Total = 1.86 g = 0.68:1.
On average, we need about 2 g of LA and ALA per day from which a healthy body also produces EPA and DHA, etc.

Dried parsley ( Petroselinum crispum ) is a popular herb and can be combined with many dishes. After conventional drying, it is often no longer raw , but you can buy it in organic quality.

Use in the kitchen

Parsley is cultivated as cut parsley and root parsley ( Petroselinum crispum var. tuberosum ). There are two varieties of cut parsley that can be distinguished visually: curly parsley ( Petroselinum crispum var. crispum ) with curly leaves and flat-leaf parsley ( Petroselinum crispum var. neapolitanum ) with smooth leaves. 1 Flat-leaf parsley varieties have a stronger flavor than curly-leaf varieties. 2

This article focuses on the use of the dried herb (curly-leaf and flat-leaf parsley). You can find out more about fresh parsley in the related article.

Dried parsley can be used to season or garnish sauces, soups, or all kinds of hearty dishes - but fresh parsley is better as a garnish. It also goes wonderfully with potatoes , mushrooms, and vegetables such as carrots , red bell peppers , aubergines , and green beans . With its spicy flavor, this kitchen spice also livens up salad dressings, pestos (e.g. with green mint or walnuts ) and dips for raw vegetable sticks. In addition, parsley, along with tomatoes ,pepper , cream (vegan alternative: oat cream ) and Parmesan (also available in vegan version), is a central ingredient in the Italian dish Pasta alle cinque Pi (pasta with five Ps). If you soak dried parsley in cold water for a few minutes, the aroma can develop better afterwards.

You can replace dried parsley with fresh parsley. However, since dried herbs have a more intense flavor, you should adjust the amount of fresh herbs accordingly. The rule of thumb for most herbs is: 1 teaspoon of dried herb equals 1 tablespoon of fresh herb.

Depending on the drying and processing method, dried herbs can be of raw food quality. The maximum temperature during drying should not exceed 42 °C. If nothing is stated for conventionally dried herbs, it is likely that they are not raw products. If you grow parsley, you can dry the herb yourself after harvesting, making sure it is of raw food quality.

Homemade preparation

Fresh parsley is easy to dry yourself - in the air, in the oven or in a dehydrator.

In the air: Tie shoots together in small bunches and hang them upside down in a ventilated, dry, warm place without direct sunlight and with temperatures between 20 and 30 °C. 3

In the oven or dehydrator: spread the plant parts on a baking tray lined with baking paper and put them in the oven at a maximum of 40 °C (raw food quality). The oven door should be opened a crack, e.g. by using a wooden spoon wedged in. If you have a dehydrator, you can spread the shoots on its rack and also dry them at a maximum of 40 °C. 3

The end of the drying process can be recognized by the rustling of the leaves and the slight breaking of the stems. In the air, this should be the case after one or two days, and after a few hours if dried in an oven or dehydrator. Before filling dried parsley into screw-top jars, you should allow it to cool down well. If kept in a dark, airtight container, the dried herb will keep for a long time. 3

Vegan recipe for herb curd with dried parsley

Ingredients (for 1 large bowl): 95 g macadamia nuts (alternatively: cashew nuts ), 3 tbsp soy yoghurt , 175 ml vegetable stock , 2 tsp apple cider vinegar , 2 tsp lemon juice , 1-2 tsp onion powder , 1 tsp garlic powder , 1 tsp dried parsley (preferably raw and organic), 1 tsp dried chives (or 1 tbsp fresh chives ), ½ tsp celery seeds, ½ tsp dried dill .

Preparation: Put all ingredients except soy yoghurt and dried herbs in a high-performance blender and mix until a creamy consistency is achieved. Add herbs and mix again until fine. Empty the mixture into a bowl and fold in the soy yoghurt. It is best to put vegan herb curd in the fridge for a few hours before use. Tastes wonderful as a dip for all kinds of vegetables, as a salad dressing or sandwich sauce, but also with potatoes. It can be stored airtight and will last for a week.

Vegan recipes with parsley (dried) can be found under the note: " Recipes that have the most of this ingredient ".

Not only vegans or vegetarians should read this:
Vegans often eat unhealthily. Avoidable nutritional mistakes

Purchasing - Storage

In most supermarkets (e.g. Coop , Migros , Denner , Volg , Spar , Aldi , Lidl , Rewe , Edeka , Hofer , Billa ) you can buy dried parsley all year round. Organic supermarkets (e.g. Denn's Biomarkt , Alnatura ) also offer dried parsley in organic quality. The dried herb is mainly found shredded in spice jars or small bags.

The availability of parsley (dried) varies depending on the size of the store, catchment area, etc. You can find our recorded food prices for the DA-CH countries above under the ingredient image - and by clicking you can see their development at various suppliers.

Storage tips

Dried parsley will last for several years if stored in a dry, airtight container, protected from light.

Ingredients - Nutritional values - Calories

Here we realistically show you the ingredients of spices and herbs per 1 g (instead of per 100 g as usual).

What is the nutritional value of parsley (dried)? 1 g of parsley (dried) has a calorie content of 2.92 kcal. The carbohydrate content is 0.51 g/1g and the fiber content 0.27 g/1g. The dried plant contains relatively high levels of protein (0.27 g/1g) and hardly any fat (0.06 g/1g). 4

Does dried parsley contain vitamin K? Dried parsley contains a lot of vitamin K at 13.6 µg/1g, and dried coriander leaves contain a similar amount (13.6 µg/1g). An even higher content can be found in other dried herbs such as thyme (17.14 µg/1g), basil (17.14 µg/1g) and wild garlic (26.25 µg/1g). 4

0.1 mg of manganese are found in 1 g of dried parsley. Dried basil (0.1 mg/1g) contains a similar amount, dried thyme (0.08 mg/1g) and dried tarragon (0.08 mg/1g) contain slightly less. Cloves are even richer in manganese, with 0.6 mg/1g. 4

The content ofriboflavin (vitamin B 2 ) in 1 g of dried parsley is 0.02 mg/1g. This is slightly higher than that of dried coriander leaves (0.02 mg/1g) and dried tarragon (0.01 mg/1g), but lower than that of yeast flakes (0.04 mg/1g). 4

Does dried parsley contain any vitamins? In addition to the high levels of vitamin K and riboflavin, dried parsley is also rich in vitamin C (ascorbic acid) , folate and vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) . Does dried parsley contain iron? Iron is also present in abundance in the dried herb.

The complete ingredients of parsley (dried), the coverage of the daily requirement and comparison values with other ingredients can be found in our nutrient tables. In the article Nutrients explained you will get a detailed insight into the topic.

Health effects

Is dried parsley healthy? A range of bioactive substances, including essential oils (myristicin, apiol), flavonoids (apigenin, apiin, 6"-acetylapiin), coumarins, furocoumarins (bergapten, imperatori), carotenoids, ascorbic acid, various terpene compounds, phthalides and tocopherol, are contained in parsley ( Petroselinum crispum ), both in the herb, roots and fruits. 1,5,6,7 The contents of the substances are greatest in the fruits (seeds). 7

Due to these compounds, parsley has pharmacological activities such as antioxidant, antidiabetic, antihypertensive, anticoagulant and diuretic effects. It also protects the liver, stomach, brain, nerve cells and cells and has antibacterial and antifungal activities. Analgesic (pain-relieving), spasmolytic (antispasmodic) and estrogenic properties of parsley are also known. 1,5,6

Dangers - Intolerances - Side effects

Large amounts of myristicin and apiol (components of parsley essential oil) can have a uterotonic (uterine contracting) effect. Taking more than 10 drops of the oil per day can cause abortion. It is therefore not recommended for use during pregnancy. 2,7,8

Results from a 2013 study also indicated that ethanol extracts from parsley leaves were mildly hepatotoxic (toxic to the liver) and nephrotoxic (toxic to the kidneys) at sustained oral doses of 1000 mg/kg or more. However, no toxicity was observed at lower doses. The use of parsley extracts should be avoided in patients taking lithium, which is common in psychiatric patients, in those taking vitamin K antagonists as anticoagulants (blood clotting inhibitors), and in those undergoing opioid therapy. 8

Folk medicine - naturopathy

In traditional and folk medicine, parsley is used as an anti-inflammatory agent, for the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases, high blood pressure, heart disease, urinary tract diseases, diabetes, middle ear infections, colds and various skin diseases. 1,5,7

In ancient Greece and Rome, parsley was used as a diuretic, digestive and menstruation-stimulating agent. Even today, parsley is used to treat amenorrhea (absence of menstruation) and dysmenorrhea (menstrual cramps). 5,9 Another area of application in folk medicine is as a means of stimulating milk flow in women who have recently given birth. Applied externally, parsley is said to provide relief from insect bites. 7

Ecological footprint - animal welfare

The CO2 footprint of a food depends on various factors. The type of agricultural production (conventional vs. organic), average or seasonal or regional production, domestic production or import by truck, ship or plane, different types of packaging and whether the goods are fresh or frozen all play a decisive role.

If you only use small amounts of herbs occasionally, it is best to use dried herbs - these have a long shelf life and therefore lead to less waste. It is more environmentally friendly to buy large refill packs instead of buying a new spice jar or tin every time. 10 Also look for organic products that have not been transported over very long distances.

Worldwide distribution - cultivation

Parsley is thought to have originated in the western Mediterranean and is now grown naturally in most Mediterranean countries and many temperate countries. The herb is cultivated in most Mediterranean countries, Europe, Russia and North America. Parsley is cultivated on a small scale in the tropics, including Southeast Asia. 1,9,11

Outside the Mediterranean region, parsley plants can occasionally be found growing wild on rubble heaps - these are probably garden escapees. 7,12

Industrial production

Due to the high water content of fresh parsley, the herb is usually dried for the market to inhibit the growth of microorganisms and prevent degradation through biochemical reactions. Drying also leads to a significant reduction in weight and volume and minimizes packaging, storage and transport costs. 13

A 2002 study investigated the influence of different drying methods (oven drying at 45 °C, air drying at room temperature and freeze drying) on volatiles in parsley leaves. Drying at room temperature was the drying method that caused the least change in composition. Oven drying at 45 °C and freeze drying resulted in a decrease in most volatile compounds, especially compounds that contribute most to the characteristic parsley odor (eg p-mentha-1,3,8-triene and apiol). 14

Is freeze-dried parsley healthy? Parsley dried at room temperature still contains the most bioactive substances. But despite the decrease in these substances, the content in freeze-dried or oven-dried parsley is not zero.

Further information

Parsley ( Petroselinum crispum ; syn. Petroselinum sativum ) is a plant species in the carrot family (Apiaceae). It is related to herbs such as dill , chervil and caraway .

In ancient times, parsley was the subject of a variety of customs. The ancient Greeks used parsley to decorate funeral wreaths and parsley garlands to honor the winners of the Nenena and Isthmain sports games. In ancient Rome, parsley was used in funeral ceremonies because the herb was associated with Persephone, goddess of the underworld. They also used parsley to deodorize corpses and to mask alcohol breath. In the Hebrew Passover celebrations, parsley was considered a symbol of spring and rebirth. Later, in Christianity, parsley was associated with the apostle Peter (guardian of the gates of heaven). 1:9

Alternative names

Parsley has many alternative names: Petersil, Peterli, Peterle, Peterling, Petergrün, Silk, Bittersilche, Goat's weed, root parsley, Beterli, Federsielli, Felswurz, Gartenäppich, curly or plain herb parsley, Kräutel, curly parsley, Paiterling, Pautersillle, Pedarsilli, Peiterzilk, Perlin, Peterchen, Peterlein, Petercelie, Petercile, Peterlin, Petersilge, Petersilgen, Parsile, curly parsley, parsley root, Petersiligen, Parsille, Petersillige, Petirsil, Petrosil and Pitterseltch.

In English, parsley is called parsley or garden parsley, and dried parsley is called dried parsley.

Drug name: Parsley fruit = Petroselini Fructus (formerly Fructus Petroselini), parsley root = Petrosini Radix. 11

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