Foundation Diet and Health
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Showing 1-20 of 37 items.
Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) is essential, belongs to the omega-3 fatty acids and plays a role in inflammatory processes. Flax seeds contain high amounts of ALA.
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Alpha-Linolenic acid; ALA; 18:3 omega-3
Alpha-Linolenic acid (ALA) is an essential omega-3 fatty acid that plays a critical role in inflammation processes. Flaxseed contains large amounts of ALA.

Chemical structure of linoleic acid, an omega-6 fatty acid with 18 carbon atoms und two double bonds (18:2)
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Linoleic acid; LA; 18:2 omega-6
Linoleic acid (LA) is an essential omega-6 fatty acid that is a component of human skin and nerve cells and involved in inflammation processes.

A space-filling molecular model of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA).
© Public Domain, SubDural12, Wikipedia

20:5 n-3 eicosapentaenoic (EPA) / timnodonic
Eicosapentaenoic acid, EPA, an omega-3 fatty acid, is the starting material for the formation of DHA etc. They are biosynthesized from α-linolenic acid (ALA).

DHA is an omega-3 fatty acid that the body synthesizes from α-linolenic acid via EPA.
© Public Domain, Ben Mills, Wikipedia

22:6 n-3 docosahexaenoic (DHA)
Docosahexaenoic acid, DHA, is an omega-3 fatty acid that the body can synthesize from EPA. DHA is important, among other things, in inflammatory processes.

Structure of L-phenylalanine. The D-phenylalanine is mirror-inverted, can be produced synthetically.
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Phenylalanine (Phe, F)
Phenylalanine is one of the eight essential amino acids that contribute to the synthesis of important endogenous substances.

Structure of L-leucine in the diet. D-leucine and the racemate DL-leucine are only synthetic.
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Leucine (Leu, L)
Leucin gehört zu den acht essentiellen Aminosäuren und ist vor allem am Aufbau von Muskelmasse beteiligt. Viel Leucin enthalten z.B. Hülsenfrüchte und Nüsse.

Structure of L-methionine.
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Methionine (Met, M)
Methionine is one of the eight essential amino acids and is the precursor of the sulfur-containing amino acid cysteine.

Structure of L-Lysine. The D-shape is mirror-inverted and does not occur in proteins.
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Lysine (Lys, K)
Lysine is an essential amino acid. Lysine is an important component of collagen and essential for the maintenance of muscle and connective tissue.

Structure of L-isoleucine. D-isoleucine is mirror-inverted and mostly manufactured industrially.
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Isoleucine (Ile, I)
Isoleucine is one of the eight essential amino acids, belongs to the group of branched-chain amino acids and is important for building muscles.

Structure of L-valine. The D-valine is mirror-inverted and mostly produced synthetically.
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Valine (Val, V)
Valine is one of the eight essential amino acids and is an important component and source of energy for the muscles.

Structure of L-threonine. There are four stereoisomers of threonine.
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Threonine (Thr, T)
Threonine is one of the eight essential amino acids, plays a role in the "growing" and in building and maintaining collagen and mucous membranes.

Structure of L-tryptophan. The D-tryptophan is of little importance.
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Tryptophan (Trp, W)
Tryptophan is one of the eight essential amino acids and plays an important role as a precursor for the messenger substance serotonin and the B vitamin niacin.

Structure of 11-cis retinal. It comes from beta-carotene and is essential for eyesight.
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Vitamin A, as RAE
Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin and includes several substances, such as retinol and beta-carotene. It plays an important role in the process of seeing.

Structure of cholecalciferol, what is called vitamin D3.
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Vitamin D
Vitamin D, a fat-soluble vitamin, is largely produced by the body itself with the help of sunlight. It fulfills many tasks, including building bones.

Structure of alpha tocopherol (vitamin E).
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Vitamin E, as a-TEs
Vitamin E is one of the fat-soluble vitamins. Its main function is to act as an antioxidant on the lipid layers of the body's cells.

Vitamin K complex
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Vitamin K
Vitamin K, a fat-soluble vitamin, is found in green vegetables and lettuce, among other things. It plays an important role in blood clotting and bone metabolism

42/5000 Structure of vitamin C (L-ascorbic acid).
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Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)
Vitamin C is a water-soluble vitamin and an important antioxidant. It is found in fruits and vegetables and carries out important functions in the body.

Structure of thiamine (vitamin B1)
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Thiamine (vitamin B1)
Thiamine, a water-soluble B vitamin, occurs mainly in the outer layer of grain. It fulfills many tasks in the energy metabolism and nervous system.

Struktur von Riboflavin (Vitamin B2).
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Riboflavin (vitamin B2)
Riboflavin, a water-soluble B vitamin, is heat-resistant and sensitive to light. It is involved in important metabolic processes in many enzymes.

Structure of niacin (nicotinic acid).
© Public Domain, User:Mysid, Wikipedia

Niacin (née vitamin B3)
Niacin ist ein wasserlösliches Vitamin, das der Körper auch selbst aus der Aminosäure Tryptophan bilden kann. Es ist wichtig im Energiestoffwechsel.