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Paprika powder, sweet (raw?, organic?)

Paprika powder, sweet, has a light, spicy spiciness. The reddish powder is ground and is usually made from dried peppers (raw?). Organic?
The information we compiled for this ingredient complies with the standards ofthe USDA database.
Macronutrient carbohydrates 66.75%
Macronutrient proteins 17.7%
Macronutrient fats 15.55%

The three ratios show the percentage by weight of macronutrients (carbohydrates / proteins / fats) of the dry matter (excl. water).

Ω-6 (LA, 7.5g)
Omega-6 fatty acid such as linoleic acid (LA)
 : Ω-3 (ALA, 0.9g)
Omega-3 fatty acid such as alpha-linolenic acid (ALA)
 = 8:1

Omega-6 ratio to omega-3 fatty acids should not exceed a total of 5:1. Link to explanation.

Here, essential linolenic acid (LA) 7.46 g to essential alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) 0.9 g = 8.29:1.
Ratio Total omega-6 = 7.46 g to omega-3 fatty acids Total = 0.9 g = 8.29:1.
On average, we need about 2 g of LA and ALA per day from which a healthy body also produces EPA and DHA, etc.

Paprika powder , sweet , is a fine, red powder ( organic ) with a fruity-sweet to mildly spicy taste. It consists of dried, ground red peppers (often from the red pointed pepper, Capsicum annuum L.) and contains large amounts of vitamin A.

Paprika powder - Use in the kitchen:

What is paprika powder? The spice paprika, sweet, is a fine powder that is obtained by grinding dried peppers (or spice paprikas). Many raw peppers have an elongated, tapered shape, a fiery red color and are more delicate than sweet peppers (red) .

Paprika powder is one of the most popular spices in the world. In Arabic, Turkish and Indian cuisine, it is a solid and spicy component of many dishes - as well as in Hungary, Spain and Portugal. Paprika powder is often referred to as Hungarian paprika powder. The barely perceptible spiciness of the paprika powder goes well with both hot and cold dishes. The paprika spice (sweet) is sweet and mild and only slightly spicy in taste because the spicy components are removed from the peppers before processing.

Sweet paprika powder can be used to refine stews such as vegan goulash or chili sin carne, but also soups, sauces (tomato sauces), dips, casseroles, falafel, patties or various vegetable, rice or pasta dishes. Paprika powder is an integral component in spice mixtures (such as barbecue spice, "China spice", curry) or spice pastes. The fine powder is often used to color sauces, spreads or as a decoration due to its bright red color.

For a more intense flavor, you can fry sweet paprika briefly and gently in a little oil over a low heat. Make sure the fat is not too hot, otherwise the reddish powder will taste bitter and lose its flavor, color and ingredients.

Is paprika powder hot? In addition to mild paprika powder (= sweet), there are other types of paprika powder. The red paprika powder from Hungary is divided into different grades, depending on spiciness, aroma and color intensity: 11,12

  • The hottest paprika powder is called hot , its color ranges from yellowish to reddish brown (high proportion of pericarp, placenta and seeds). 20
  • With 100-500 Scoville units, rose paprika powder is also hot in taste, but has an aromatic note. The color is dark red to yellowish light red. In the hot varieties, a large part of the seeds and placental tissue is contained in the powder.
  • Semi-sweet paprika powder tastes hot with 10-50 Scoville units, with a good aromatic taste. The color is classified as dull red to yellowish red.
  • With 0-10 Scoville units, the bright red sweet paprika powder is mild, sweet and fruity to slightly spicy (spicy).
  • Delicatessen paprika powder is bright red to dark red and has a mild, aromatic taste. It contains neither seeds nor capsaicin-containing placental tissue, so it has 0 Scoville and a high coloring content. Sometimes advertised as the "best paprika powder."

The classification varies greatly depending on the region. In addition to the well-known Hungarian paprika powder, there is also Spanish paprika powder (pimentón), which is available in mild (pimentón dulce), mild spicy (pimentón agridulce) and hot (pimentón picante). There is also smoked paprika powder from the Spanish region "La Vera": Pimentón de la Vera .

A much hotter powder is cayenne pepper , ground from the dried, hot fruits of the cayenne chili variety. Chili powder , on the other hand, is a mixture of cayenne pepper, cumin , garlic and oregano (among other things).

Vegan recipe for noodles in paprika sauce:

Ingredients (for 2 people): 250 g pasta (e.g. spaghetti, penne, fusilli), 120 ml plant milk (e.g. oat milk ), 2 red bell peppers (raw), 3 tbsp almond butter (organic), 3 tbsp yeast flakes , 2 tbsp tomato paste , 3 cloves of garlic , 1 onion , 1 tbsp Hungarian paprika powder, sweet (organic), and a pinch of salt .

Preparation: First, preheat the oven to 180 °C top and bottom heat. Peel and quarter the onion, peel the garlic and leave it whole. Halve and deseed the washed peppers and cut them into strips. Spread the onion, garlic and pepper on a baking tray and cook in the oven for 20-30 minutes. In the meantime, cook the pasta until al dente. Puree the roasted vegetables together with plant milk, yeast flakes, almond paste, tomato paste, salt and paprika powder using a hand blender to make a creamy sauce. Pour the vegan paprika sauce into a deep pan and simmer for 10 minutes. Add the cooked pasta, mix well, divide between two plates and decorate with fresh basil leaves .

Vegan recipes with sweet paprika powder can be found under the note: " Recipes that have the most of this ingredient ".

Not only vegans or vegetarians should read this:
Vegans often eat unhealthily. Avoidable nutritional mistakes

Shopping - where to buy paprika powder?

Sweet paprika powder is one of the basic spices and is available in all supermarkets such as Coop , Migros , Denner , Volg , Spar , Aldi , Lidl , Rewe , Edeka , Hofer etc. You will usually find it under the names: ground sweet paprika, delicatessen paprika powder, sweet paprika etc. Occasionally even large retailers stock sweet paprika powder in organic quality; in any case you can find it in organic shops, organic supermarkets ( Denn's Biomarkt and Alnatura ), health food stores, drugstores or delicatessens (delicatessens). You can also buy the mildly sweet paprika spice organically produced (organic) online. If no organic product is available, you should at least look for fair trade (e.g. Fairtrade ).

It is difficult to verify whether purchased products can still be described as raw food or raw 21 - even with sun-dried peppers. In general, the term "raw food" is not subject to any controls and is associated with a great deal of trust in the producers. Very high temperatures can also be created in the sun. Recently, producers have been advertising with the label sun-dried or solar-dried (gently sun-dried/solar-dried), but even then raw food temperatures are not necessarily guaranteed. 22

It is therefore worth making your own paprika powder to ensure that it is dried as gently as possible. Then you are sure to have raw food quality (raw).

Making your own paprika powder:

You can easily make your own paprika powder: When making paprika spices, you use the leftovers from slightly wilted or soft raw peppers, other vegetables and herbs. Freshly ground spices taste more intense and aromatic than store-bought ones, and at the same time you can keep an eye on the raw food temperature. However, you have to expect that the grinding level will not be as fine as with store-bought paprika powder. Making paprika powder takes some time, as fresh vegetables have to dry for several hours.

For pure paprika powder, you can use spiced peppers, e.g. pointed peppers or chili peppers , but also leftover red bell peppers (raw) . Depending on the desired spiciness, the placental tissue and the seeds are also used for the paprika seasoning. For the traditional paprika powder from Hungary, Füszerpaprika (e.g. Kalocsai, Csipös or Edes) is usually used. Here too, the degree of spiciness varies. In addition to being used as a powder, these pointed peppers are also suitable as raw food, for cooking, pickling and grilling. 9

To make powder from raw paprika, wash the peppers used and dry them well. For 100 g of paprika spice, you need about 1 kg of fresh peppers. First, halve, core and cut the raw peppers into strips and dry them in the dehydrator on the setting provided (about 40 °C) or in the oven at 40-50 °C (fan oven). In order to preserve as many vitamins as possible, gentle drying at low temperatures is particularly important (raw food quality). The pepper strips should not be placed on top of each other, but next to each other on a rack or grill (oven). In the oven, leave the oven door slightly open so that the moisture can escape. Turn the peppers from time to time until they are completely dried. The process can take between 8 and 12 hours, depending on the thickness of the peppers and the temperature. Completely dried peppers can be broken up by hand. After drying, you can pulverize the peppers in a blender, coffee grinder or with a mortar. Dried herbs (e.g. oregano , basil , thyme ) give the powder an excellent taste. For a longer shelf life, you can also add 1-2 pinches of salt. If you then sieve the powder, you can use the coarser particles as paprika flakes for seasoning. 1

Storage of sweet paprika:

Spices such as sweet paprika powder can be kept for up to 3 years if well sealed in opaque containers. Once opened, they should be used within 6 months. Store paprika powder in small quantities, protected from light, dry, cool and airtight. If stored incorrectly, red paprika powder can turn yellowish-brown and the essential oils responsible for the aroma evaporate. The smell tells you whether the paprika powder still has a good flavor. If the paprika powder is sticky, it must be thrown away. 2

Paprika powder ingredients - nutritional values - calories:

100 g of sweet paprika powder contains around 357 kcal. Especially in industrial products, the nutrient composition can vary greatly depending on the manufacturer. This affects the sugar content, among other things. Does paprika contain sugar? Over half of the fine powder consists of carbohydrates (56 g / 100 g), of which 33 g are sugar and 21 g are fiber. The other nutritional values of paprika powder are: 15 g protein and 13 g fat per 100 g.

Paprika powder, sweet (organic), has many healthy paprika ingredients (vitamins, minerals and fiber), but you only consume spices in small quantities.

The amount of vitamin A, as RAE, covers around 75% of the daily requirement when consuming 10 g of paprika powder. The content of the fat-soluble vitamin (6,042 µg/100g) is very high, significantly higher than in cayenne pepper (2,081 µg/100g) and chili powder (1,483 µg/100g). 3

100 g of sweet paprika powder contains 24 mg of iron . This amount is slightly higher than in curry powder (19.1 mg/100g). The spice mixture Garam masala contains a lot of iron at 45.9 mg/100g. 3

Riboflavin (vitamin B 2 ) is contained in 100 g of sweet paprika powder at 1.7 mg, a similar amount to dried coriander leaves (1.5 mg/100g) and more concentrated than in ground tarragon (1.3 mg/100g). A lot of this water-soluble, heat-resistant but light-sensitive B vitamin is found in yeast products (e.g.baking yeast, active dry yeast with 4 mg/100g). 3

The potassium content (2,340 mg) is slightly higher for 100 g of sweet paprika powder than for yeast extract (2,100 mg/100g). Significantly more potassium is found in dried coriander leaves (4,466 mg/100g). 3

The complete ingredients of sweet paprika powder, the coverage of the daily requirement and comparison values with other ingredients can be found in our nutrient tables. In the article Nutrients explained you will get a detailed insight into the topic.

Health aspects - effects:

Is paprika powder healthy? The fact that paprika is healthy is shown, for example, by its high concentration of provitamin A. β-carotene acts as a precursor to provitamin A. The secondary plant substances contained in red peppers, which also include carotenoids and flavonoids, have an antioxidant effect in the body. Carotenoids are said to "catch" free radicals and thus reduce oxidative stress. 16 Flavonoids have an anti-inflammatory effect. 5 The red pigments capsanthin, capsorubin and lutein are also known as antioxidants, which are said to protect against UV light. 17

Sweet paprika powder contains small amounts of the secondary plant substance capsaicin, which is responsible for the spiciness of the peppers. Capsaicin has an anti-inflammatory effect, stimulates the appetite, improves circulation and aids digestion, but in very large amounts it can irritate the skin and stomach lining. Paprika powder also contains large amounts of essential oils and fiber. Fiber also stimulates digestion and counteracts constipation. 4

Dangers - Intolerances - Side effects:

Is paprika powder harmful to health? If you suffer from a (rare) allergy to nightshades (including potatoes, eggplants, tomatoes, cape gooseberries, tobacco, chili, peppers, etc.), consuming paprika powder can be harmful to your health. A food allergy to nightshades causes hives and swelling in the face, mouth and throat. Food intolerances to nightshades can also occur, and these often manifest themselves in the form of flatulence and cramps. 6

Some people who are allergic to pollen (e.g. from birch trees, grasses or grains) 6 can also be allergic to peppers. Cross-reactions to mugwort pollen or goosefoot pollen are also possible. 7 Both the pollen and peppers contain allergens with identical or very similar structures. Symptoms include burning in the mouth, swelling and numbness of the tongue and lips, swelling in the larynx area and even shortness of breath. 8

Paprika powder is very susceptible to counterfeiting, known as "food fraud". In addition to brick dust, rice flour, bran and sawdust have been found in paprika powder. In 2003, tests showed that the toxic, possibly carcinogenic solvent dye "Sudan red" was contained in certain paprika powders. 18 Aflatoxins and ochratoxin are also toxins that have been found in spices such as paprika, chili pepper and nutmeg. 19

Occurrence - origin - ecology:

The origin of the Capsicum species, which have developed in different regions, is probably in Central and South America (Andes). 10 7,000 years ago, wild forms were used as a dye, currency, spice and medicine. In the 16th century, the paprika plant came to Europe via Turkey. Mild varieties were bred and paprika was used as a pepper substitute, hence the name "Turkish pepper". From the 18th century, paprika was very popular as a spice in Hungary, Spain and among the Ottomans. 11 Sweet paprika powder gained importance in the 19th century through the French chef Auguste Escoffier . He introduced Hungary's national spice into French haute cuisine. 12

Today, paprika powder is mainly produced in Hungary, Bulgaria, Spain, Greece and Turkey. You can read detailed information about growing and harvesting bell peppers in the article on red sweet peppers .

Ecological aspects:

Is too much paprika powder unhealthy? Conventional peppers and products made from them (such as paprika powder) can contain large amounts of pesticide residues, which can potentially be harmful to health. Imported goods from Thailand and Vietnam have the highest levels of pesticide residues, but Turkish, Spanish and Moroccan peppers and pepper products also have high levels of residues. Organic peppers and organic paprika spices are significantly less contaminated . 13

Industrial production (paprika powder):

How do you make powder from paprika? To make sweet paprika powder, you first have to wash and dry the paprika. The traditional method involves stringing the peppers on strings to avoid bruising and drying the fruit in the sun. Hanging them in drag nets or laying them out on drying floors is also possible. Here you have to make sure that you turn them regularly. After around 4-6 weeks in the sun, the peppers are completely dry. Other options are drying chambers, drying trays or mechanical conveyor belts. 21 In Hungary, the dried peppers are traditionally ground in stone mills to different degrees of grinding (coarse to very fine). The industry also uses hammer mills.

Depending on the desired spiciness, more or fewer septa and seeds are included. The septa (placental ridges) have the highest content of hot capsaicin. 14 Since the essential oils (spice-giving components) evaporate easily, grinding must be done very carefully so that the ground material does not heat up too much in the spice mill and lose its aroma. The paprika powder is ultimately available in spice jars. 15

General information:

Peppers belong to the genus Capsicum and the nightshade family (Solanaceae) . Within the species Capsicum annuum, a distinction is made between different groups 10,23 : cherry peppers belong to the Cerasiforme group, cone-shaped peppers to the Conoides, cone-shaped fruits to the Fasciculatum group, sweet peppers to the Grossum group and long, curved fruits such as pointed peppers to the Longum group.

The name "spice peppers" refers to varieties that are well suited for the production of paprika powder (high dry matter, thin pulp). For paprika powder, representatives of the Longum group ( Capsicum annuum ) are mostly used. but not only that. Studies are increasingly investigating which Capsicum species are particularly attractive for the mechanical harvesting of the pods, the industrial production of paprika powder and the final coloring. 23

Alternative names:

Paprika spice (ground paprika, paprika powder) is also known as Spanish pepper, Indian pepper, Turkish pepper and Hungarian pepper as well as red pepper or biting berry. Less commonly, it is also called peppercorn or spice paprika, which makes it difficult to clearly distinguish between the plant and the peppers.

Outside Switzerland, the following spelling is common in German-speaking countries: sweet paprika powder, sweet Hungarian paprika powder, sweet paprika powder and sweet paprika powder (you can also find: Is sweet paprika healthy?, sweet paprika ingredients, sweet paprika production). Incorrectly spelled you can see: paprika, paprika spice, paprika powder and sweet paprika.

In English, sweet paprika powder is called sweet paprika powder or mild paprika. Paprika powder is often called paprika powder, milled paprika, ground paprika or just paprika. Spice paprika (as a powder) is also called spice paprika powder, spice paprika as a plant is sometimes called spice paprika plant or condiment paprika plant.

Literature - Sources:

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