Foundation for Diet and Health

The best perspective for your health

The best perspective for your health

The best perspective for your health

The best perspective for your health


Limes are seldom eaten raw. They have a sour and zesty taste, and the juice and zest are added to certain dishes and drinks to enhance their flavor.
92/06/02  LA:ALA

Several species of citrus fruits are called limes (literally: small lemons).

General information:

From Wikipedia: “A lime (from French lime, from Arabic līma, from Persian līmū, "lemon") is a hybrid citrus fruit, which is typically round, lime green, 3–6 centimetres (1.2–2.4 in) in diameter, and containing acidic juice vesicles. There are several species of citrus trees whose fruits are called limes, including the Key lime (Citrus aurantifolia), Persian lime, kaffir lime, and desert lime. Limes are an excellent source of vitamin C, and are often used to accent the flavours of foods and beverages. They are grown year-round.”


“In 2013, the total world production of lemons and limes was 15.42 million tonnes, with India leading production of 2.52 million tonnes.”

Nutritional value:

“Raw limes are 88% water, 10% carbohydrates and less than 1% each of fat and protein (table). Only vitamin C content at 35% of the Daily Value (DV) per 100 g serving is significant for nutrition, with other nutrients present in low DV amounts.”

“Lime flesh and peel contain diverse phytochemicals, including polyphenols and terpenes, many of which are under basic research for their potential properties in humans.”


“Limes have higher contents of sugars and acids than do lemons.

Lime juice may be squeezed from fresh limes, or purchased in bottles in both unsweetened and sweetened varieties. Lime juice is used to make limeade, and as an ingredient (typically as sour mix) in many cocktails. ...

In cooking, lime is valued both for the acidity of its juice and the floral aroma of its zest. It is a common ingredient in authentic Mexican, Vietnamese and Thai dishes. It is also used for its pickling properties in ceviche. Some guacamole recipes call for lime juice. ...

Lime is an ingredient in several highball cocktails, often based on gin, such as gin and tonic, the gimlet and the Rickey. Freshly squeezed lime juice is also considered a key ingredient in margaritas, although sometimes lemon juice is substituted.

Lime extracts and lime essential oils are frequently used in perfumes, cleaning products, and aromatherapy.”


“When human skin is exposed to ultraviolet light after contact with lime peel or juice, a reaction known as phytophotodermatitis can occur, which can cause darkening of the skin, swelling or blistering. Bartenders handling limes and other citrus fruits when preparing cocktails may develop phytophotodermatitis due to the high concentration of furocoumarins and other phototoxic coumarins in limes. The main coumarin in limes is limettin which has manifold higher content in peels than in pulp. Persian limes have a higher content of coumarins and potentially greater phototoxicity than do Key limes.

Interesting facts:

It is best to buy limes that have green peels because if they are yellow they have already lost some of their flavor.

Limes can be stored in the refrigerator for up to three weeks. Since they dry out quickly, it is best to keep them in a plastic bag.

Limes are smaller than lemons and contain about twice as much juice. If you roll them on a hard surface before juicing them, they will yield even more juice.

Nutritional Information per 100g 2000 kCal
Energy 30 kcal1.5%
Fat/Lipids 0.2 g0.3%
Saturated Fats 0.02 g0.1%
Carbohydrates (inc.dietary fiber) 11 g3.9%
Sugars 1.7 g1.9%
Fiber 2.8 g11.2%
Protein (albumin) 0.7 g1.4%
Cooking Salt (Na:2.0 mg)5.1 mg0.2%
Recommended daily allowance according to the GDA.
Protein (albumin)
Cooking Salt

Essential Nutrients per 100g with %-share Daily Requirement at 2000 kCal
VitVitamin C (ascorbic acid) 29 mg36.0%
MinCopper, Cu 0.06 mg7.0%
ElemPotassium, K 102 mg5.0%
ElemCalcium, Ca 33 mg4.0%
MinIron, Fe 0.6 mg4.0%
VitPantothenic acid (vitamin B5) 0.22 mg4.0%
VitFolate, as the active form of folic acid (née vitamin B9 and B11) 8 µg4.0%
ElemPhosphorus, P 18 mg3.0%
VitThiamine (vitamin B1) 0.03 mg3.0%
VitVitamin B6 (pyridoxine) 0.04 mg3.0%

The majority of the nutritional information comes from the USDA (US Department of Agriculture). This means that the information for natural products is often incomplete or only given within broader categories, whereas in most cases products made from these have more complete information displayed.

If we take flaxseed, for example, the important essential amino acid ALA (omega-3) is only included in an overarching category whereas for flaxseed oil ALA is listed specifically. In time, we will be able to change this, but it will require a lot of work. An “i” appears behind ingredients that have been adjusted and an explanation appears when you hover over this symbol.

For Erb Muesli, the original calculations resulted in 48 % of the daily requirement of ALA — but with the correction, we see that the muesli actually covers >100 % of the necessary recommendation for the omega-3 fatty acid ALA. Our goal is to eventually be able to compare the nutritional value of our recipes with those that are used in conventional western lifestyles.

Essential fatty acids, (SC-PUFA) 2000 kCal
Alpha-Linolenic acid; ALA; 18:3 omega-3 0.02 g1.0%
Linoleic acid; LA; 18:2 omega-6 0.04 g< 0.1%

Essential amino acids 2000 kCal
Tryptophan (Trp, W) 0 g1.0%
Lysine (Lys, K) 0.01 g1.0%
Methionine (Met, M) 0 g< 0.1%

Vitamins 2000 kCal
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) 29 mg36.0%
Pantothenic acid (vitamin B5) 0.22 mg4.0%
Folate, as the active form of folic acid (née vitamin B9 and B11) 8 µg4.0%
Thiamine (vitamin B1) 0.03 mg3.0%
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) 0.04 mg3.0%
Vitamin E, as a-TEs 0.22 mg2.0%
Vitamin K 0.6 µg1.0%
Riboflavin (vitamin B2) 0.02 mg1.0%
Niacin (née vitamin B3) 0.2 mg1.0%
Vitamin A, as RAE 2 µg< 0.1%
Vitamin D 0 µg< 0.1%

Essential macroelements (macronutrients) 2000 kCal
Potassium, K 102 mg5.0%
Calcium, Ca 33 mg4.0%
Phosphorus, P 18 mg3.0%
Magnesium, Mg 6 mg2.0%
Sodium, Na 2 mg< 0.1%

Essential trace elements (micronutrients) 2000 kCal
Copper, Cu 0.06 mg7.0%
Iron, Fe 0.6 mg4.0%
Zinc, Zn 0.11 mg1.0%
Selenium, Se 0.4 µg1.0%
Manganese, Mn 0.01 mg< 0.1%