Foundation for Diet and Health

The best perspective for your health

The best perspective for your health

The best perspective for your health

The best perspective for your health


Scallions don’t have fully developed bulbs as do shallots and onions; instead, they are more similar to leeks. They have a milder taste than onions.
78/20/02  LA:ALA

Scallions (Allium fistulosum L., Syn.: A. altaicum, . ceratophyllum, Cepa sissilis, C. ventricosa) are often called green onions or welsh onions. There are also many regional names including spring onions, table onions, salad onions, onion sticks, long onions, baby onions, precious onions, yard onions, gibbons, syboes, and scally onions. Scallions are very similar to bulb onions. However, they have a less intense taste (apart from the darker green tops). Both the green and white parts of the stem can be eaten raw or cooked.

Culinary uses:Scallions are very easy to use. You don’t have to peel them, and it is enough to simply rinse them off with water. Then you can either cut them into thin or thick rings. The green part of the stem works well as an ingredient for soups and salads. If they are freshly chopped, scallions can also be used as a substitute for dill. You will find scallions in a number of different types of dishes, but they are especially popular in Asian cuisine. The white part of the stem shouldn’t be sautéed or cooked at too high of temperatures as it quickly loses flavor when heated.

Storage:Since scallions wilt quickly, you should use them as soon as possible. They are more delicate and have a much shorter shelf life as compared to bulb onions. They can be stored in the refrigerator for about a week.

General information:From WikipediaScallions (green onion, spring onion and salad onion) are vegetables of various Allium onion species. Scallions have a milder taste than most onions. Their close relatives include the garlic, shallot, leek, chive, and Chinese onion. Although the bulbs of many Allium species are used as food, the defining characteristic of scallion species is that they lack a fully developed bulb. In common with all Allium species, scallions have hollow, tubular green leaves, growing directly from the bulb. These leaves are used as a vegetable; they are eaten either raw or cooked. The leaves are often chopped into other dishes, in the manner of onions or garlic. Also known as scallions or green onions, spring onions are in fact very young onions, harvested before the bulb has had a chance to swell. 

Etymology:The words scallion and shallot are related and can be traced back to the Greek ασκολόνιον ('askolonion') as described by the Greek writer Theophrastus. This name, in turn, seems to originate from the name of the ancient Canaan city of Ashkelon. The plant itself apparently came from farther east of Europe. 

-- Types:Species and cultivars of scallions include the following:

  • A. cepa ("White Lisbon", "White Lisbon Winter Hardy" – an extra-hardy variety for overwintering, and Calcot
  • A. cepa var. cepa—Most of the cultivars grown in the West primarily as scallions belong to this variety. However, the "scallions" from A. cepa var. cepa (common onion) is from a young plant, harvested before bulbs form, or sometimes when slight bulbing has occurred.
  • A. cepa var. aggregatum, formerly A. ascalonicum), common name shallot. Shallots are also referred to as eschalot.
  • A. chinense
  • A. fistulosum, the Welsh onion, does not form bulbs even when mature, and is grown in the West almost exclusively as a scallion or salad onion, although in Asia this species is of primary importance and used both fresh and in cooking.
  • A. ×proliferum, sometimes used as scallion
  • A. ×wakegi, sometimes used as scallions.

Scallions have various other common names throughout the world. These names include spring onion, green onion, table onion, salad onion, onion stick, long onion, baby onion, precious onion, yard onion, gibbon, syboe, or scally onion. Scallion and its many names can also be mistakenly used for the young plants of the shallot (A. cepa var. aggregatum, formerly A. ascalonicum), harvested before bulbs form, or sometimes when slight bulbing has occurred. 

See the link above for an extensive list of common names used for scallions throughout the world.

Nutritional Information per 100g 2000 kCal
Energy 32 kcal1.6%
Fat/Lipids 0.19 g0.3%
Saturated Fats 0.03 g0.2%
Carbohydrates (inc.dietary fiber) 7.3 g2.7%
Sugars 2.3 g2.6%
Fiber 2.6 g10.4%
Protein (albumin) 1.8 g3.7%
Cooking Salt (Na:16.0 mg)41 mg1.7%
Recommended daily allowance according to the GDA.
Protein (albumin)
Cooking Salt

Essential Nutrients per 100g with %-share Daily Requirement at 2000 kCal
VitVitamin K 207 µg276.0%
VitFolate, as the active form of folic acid (née vitamin B9 and B11) 64 µg32.0%
VitVitamin C (ascorbic acid) 19 mg24.0%
ElemPotassium, K 276 mg14.0%
MinIron, Fe 1.5 mg11.0%
ElemCalcium, Ca 72 mg9.0%
MinCopper, Cu 0.08 mg8.0%
MinManganese, Mn 0.16 mg8.0%
ProtTryptophan (Trp, W) 0.02 g8.0%
ProtThreonine (Thr, T) 0.07 g8.0%

The majority of the nutritional information comes from the USDA (US Department of Agriculture). This means that the information for natural products is often incomplete or only given within broader categories, whereas in most cases products made from these have more complete information displayed.

If we take flaxseed, for example, the important essential amino acid ALA (omega-3) is only included in an overarching category whereas for flaxseed oil ALA is listed specifically. In time, we will be able to change this, but it will require a lot of work. An “i” appears behind ingredients that have been adjusted and an explanation appears when you hover over this symbol.

For Erb Muesli, the original calculations resulted in 48 % of the daily requirement of ALA — but with the correction, we see that the muesli actually covers >100 % of the necessary recommendation for the omega-3 fatty acid ALA. Our goal is to eventually be able to compare the nutritional value of our recipes with those that are used in conventional western lifestyles.

Essential fatty acids, (SC-PUFA) 2000 kCal
Linoleic acid; LA; 18:2 omega-6 0.07 g1.0%
Alpha-Linolenic acid; ALA; 18:3 omega-3 0 g< 0.1%

Essential amino acids 2000 kCal
Tryptophan (Trp, W) 0.02 g8.0%
Threonine (Thr, T) 0.07 g8.0%
Isoleucine (Ile, I) 0.08 g6.0%
Leucine (Leu, L) 0.11 g5.0%
Lysine (Lys, K) 0.09 g5.0%
Valine (Val, V) 0.08 g5.0%
Phenylalanine (Phe, F) 0.06 g4.0%
Methionine (Met, M) 0.02 g2.0%

Vitamins 2000 kCal
Vitamin K 207 µg276.0%
Folate, as the active form of folic acid (née vitamin B9 and B11) 64 µg32.0%
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) 19 mg24.0%
Vitamin A, as RAE 50 µg6.0%
Riboflavin (vitamin B2) 0.08 mg6.0%
Thiamine (vitamin B1) 0.06 mg5.0%
Vitamin E, as a-TEs 0.55 mg5.0%
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) 0.06 mg4.0%
Niacin (née vitamin B3) 0.52 mg3.0%
Pantothenic acid (vitamin B5) 0.08 mg1.0%
Vitamin D 0 µg< 0.1%

Essential macroelements (macronutrients) 2000 kCal
Potassium, K 276 mg14.0%
Calcium, Ca 72 mg9.0%
Magnesium, Mg 20 mg5.0%
Phosphorus, P 37 mg5.0%
Sodium, Na 16 mg2.0%

Essential trace elements (micronutrients) 2000 kCal
Iron, Fe 1.5 mg11.0%
Copper, Cu 0.08 mg8.0%
Manganese, Mn 0.16 mg8.0%
Zinc, Zn 0.39 mg4.0%
Selenium, Se 0.6 µg1.0%