Marjoram originally comes from Asia Minor or Cyprus and has a spicy, sweet flavor. It is used as a seasoning in most German sausages. In dried form, it loses some of its flavor but does then have a longer shelf life and is the form most often found in supermarkets.
From Wikipedia: “Marjoram (Origanum majorana, syn. Majorana hortensis Moench, Majorana majorana (L.) H. Karst) is a somewhat cold-sensitive perennial herb or undershrub with sweet pine and citrus flavors. In some Middle Eastern countries, marjoram is synonymous with oregano, and there the names sweet marjoram and knotted marjoram are used to distinguish it from other plants of the genus Origanum. It is also called pot marjoram, although this name is also used for other cultivated species of Origanum.”
“The name marjoram (Old French majorane, Medieval Latin majorana) does not directly derive from the Latin word maior (major). Marjoram is indigenous to Cyprus and southern Turkey, and was known to the Greeks and Romans as a symbol of happiness.”
“Leaves are smooth, simple, petiolated, ovate to oblong-ovate, 0.5–1.5 cm (0.2–0.6 inches) long, 0.2–0.8 cm (0.1–0.3 inches) wide, with obtuse apex, entire margin, symmetrical but tapering base, and reticulate venation. The texture is extremely smooth due to the presence of numerous hairs.”
“Considered a tender perennial (USDA Zones 7-9), marjoram can sometimes prove hardy even in zone 5.
Marjoram is cultivated for its aromatic leaves, either green or dry, for culinary purposes; the tops are cut as the plants begin to flower and are dried slowly in the shade. It is often used in herb combinations such as herbes de Provence and za'atar. The flowering leaves and tops of marjoram are steam-distilled to produce an essential oil that is yellowish in color (darkening to brown as it ages). It has many chemical components, some of which are borneol, camphor, and pinene.”
“Marjoram is used for seasoning soups, stews, dressings, and sauces.”
“Oregano (Origanum vulgare, sometimes listed with marjoram as Origanum majorana) is also called wild marjoram. It is a perennial common in southern Europe in dry copses and on hedge-banks, with many stout stems 30–80 centimetres (12–31 in) high, bearing short-stalked, somewhat ovate leaves and clusters of purple flowers. It has a stronger flavor than marjoram.
Pot marjoram or Cretan oregano (Origanum onites) has similar uses to marjoram.
Hardy marjoram or French marjoram, a cross of marjoram with oregano, is much more resistant to cold, but is slightly less sweet. Origanum pulchellum is known as showy marjoram or showy oregano.”
|Nutritional Information per 100g||2000 kCal|
|Saturated Fats||0.53 g||2.6%|
|Carbohydrates (inc.dietary fiber)||61 g||22.4%|
|Protein (albumin)||13 g||25.3%|
|Cooking Salt (Na:77.0 mg)||196 mg||8.1%|
|Essential Nutrients per 100g with %-share Daily Requirement at 2000 kCal|
|Vit||Vitamin K||622 µg||829.0%|
|Min||Iron, Fe||83 mg||591.0%|
|Min||Manganese, Mn||5.4 mg||272.0%|
|Elem||Calcium, Ca||1'990 mg||249.0%|
|Vit||Folate, as the active form of folic acid (née vitamin B9 and B11)||274 µg||137.0%|
|Min||Copper, Cu||1.1 mg||113.0%|
|Elem||Magnesium, Mg||346 mg||92.0%|
|Vit||Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine)||1.2 mg||85.0%|
|Elem||Potassium, K||1'522 mg||76.0%|
The majority of the nutritional information comes from the USDA (US Department of Agriculture). This means that the information for natural products is often incomplete or only given within broader categories, whereas in most cases products made from these have more complete information displayed.
If we take flaxseed, for example, the important essential amino acid ALA (omega-3) is only included in an overarching category whereas for flaxseed oil ALA is listed specifically. In time, we will be able to change this, but it will require a lot of work. An “i” appears behind ingredients that have been adjusted and an explanation appears when you hover over this symbol.
For Erb Muesli, the original calculations resulted in 48 % of the daily requirement of ALA — but with the correction, we see that the muesli actually covers >100 % of the necessary recommendation for the omega-3 fatty acid ALA. Our goal is to eventually be able to compare the nutritional value of our recipes with those that are used in conventional western lifestyles.
|Essential amino acids||2000 kCal|
|Vitamin K||622 µg||829.0%|
|Folate, as the active form of folic acid (née vitamin B9 and B11)||274 µg||137.0%|
|Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine)||1.2 mg||85.0%|
|Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)||51 mg||64.0%|
|Vitamin A, as RAE||403 µg||50.0%|
|Thiamine (vitamin B1)||0.29 mg||26.0%|
|Niacin (née vitamin B3)||4.1 mg||26.0%|
|Riboflavin (vitamin B2)||0.32 mg||23.0%|
|Vitamin E, as a-TEs||1.7 mg||14.0%|
|Vitamin D||0 µg||< 0.1%|
|Essential macroelements (macronutrients)||2000 kCal|
|Calcium, Ca||1'990 mg||249.0%|
|Magnesium, Mg||346 mg||92.0%|
|Potassium, K||1'522 mg||76.0%|
|Phosphorus, P||306 mg||44.0%|
|Sodium, Na||77 mg||10.0%|
|Essential trace elements (micronutrients)||2000 kCal|
|Iron, Fe||83 mg||591.0%|
|Manganese, Mn||5.4 mg||272.0%|
|Copper, Cu||1.1 mg||113.0%|
|Zinc, Zn||3.6 mg||36.0%|
|Selenium, Se||4.5 µg||8.0%|