Cumin seed is called Kreuzkümmel in German but is not in any way related to caraway (German: Kümmel). The two differ greatly in respect to the genus and taste. Cumin is a spice that has been used since the Antiquity.
From Wikipedia: “Cumin (Cuminum cyminum) is a flowering plant in the family Apiaceae, native from the east Mediterranean to South Asia.
Its seeds (each one contained within a fruit, which is dried) are used in the cuisines of many different cultures, in both whole and ground form. It also has many uses as a traditional medicinal plant.”
“Cumin seed is used as a spice for its distinctive flavour and aroma. It is globally popular and an essential flavouring in many cuisines, particularly South Asian (where it is called jeera), Northern African, and Latin American cuisines. Cumin can be found in some cheeses, such as Leyden cheese, and in some traditional breads from France. It is commonly used in traditional Brazilian cuisine. Cumin can be an ingredient in chili powder (often Tex-Mex or Mexican-style), and is found in achiote blends, adobos, sofrito, garam masala, curry powder, and bahaarat. In Myanmar, cumin is used as a spice. In South Asian cooking, it is often combined with coriander seeds in a powdered mixture called dhana jeera.
Cumin can be used ground or as whole seeds. It helps to add an earthy and warming feeling to food, making it a staple in certain stews and soups, as well as spiced gravies such as chili. It is also used as an ingredient in some pickles and pastries.”
“In Sanskrit, cumin is known as jira “that which helps digestion" and is called zira in Persian. In the Ayurvedic system, dried cumin seeds are believed to have medicinal purposes. These seeds are powdered and used in different forms like kashaya (decoction), arishta (fermented decoction), vati (tablet/pills), and processed with ghee (a semifluid clarified butter). It is used internally and sometimes for external applications also.
In southern Indian states, such as Kerala and Tamil Nadu, a popular drink called jira water is made by boiling cumin seeds.”
“In a 100 gram amount, cumin seeds are nutritionally rich, providing high amounts of the Daily Value for fat (especially monounsaturated fat), protein and dietary fiber. Values for B vitamins, vitamin E, and several dietary minerals, especially iron, are also considerable when expressed in this 100 gram amount.
One tablespoon of ground cumin powder contains negligible food energy and nutrient content.”
Confusion with other spices:
“Cumin is sometimes confused with caraway (Carum carvi), another umbelliferous spice. Cumin, though, is hotter to the taste, lighter in color, and larger. Many European languages do not distinguish clearly between the two. Many Slavic and Uralic languages refer to cumin as "Roman caraway". Examples include Czech: kmín – caraway, římský kmín -cumin; Polish: kminek – caraway, kmin rzymski – cumin; Slovene: kumina – caraway, kumin – cumin; Hungarian: kömény – caraway, római kömény – cumin. Finnish: kumina – caraway, roomankumina – cumin, although sometimes also called juustokumina, cheese caraway. In Norwegian, caraway is called both karve and kummin while cumin is spisskummen, from German Speis(e) meaning "food". Similarly in Swedish and Danish, caraway is kummin/kommen, while cumin is spiskummin/spidskommen. In German, Kümmel stands for caraway and Kreuzkümmel denotes cumin. In Icelandic, caraway is kúmen, while cumin is kúmín. In Romanian, chimen, chimion is caraway, while chimion turcesc (Turkish caraway), cumin, camon is cumin.
The distantly related Bunium persicum, Bunium bulbocastanum and the unrelated Nigella sativa are both sometimes called black cumin (q.v.).”
|Nutritional Information per 100g||2000 kCal|
|Saturated Fats||1.5 g||7.7%|
|Carbohydrates (inc.dietary fiber)||44 g||16.4%|
|Protein (albumin)||18 g||35.6%|
|Cooking Salt (Na:168.0 mg)||427 mg||17.8%|
|Essential Nutrients per 100g with %-share Daily Requirement at 2000 kCal|
|Min||Iron, Fe||66 mg||474.0%|
|Min||Manganese, Mn||3.3 mg||167.0%|
|Elem||Calcium, Ca||931 mg||116.0%|
|Elem||Magnesium, Mg||366 mg||98.0%|
|Elem||Potassium, K||1'788 mg||89.0%|
|Min||Copper, Cu||0.87 mg||87.0%|
|Elem||Phosphorus, P||499 mg||71.0%|
|Vit||Thiamine (vitamin B1)||0.63 mg||57.0%|
|Min||Zinc, Zn||4.8 mg||48.0%|
|Vit||Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine)||0.44 mg||31.0%|
The majority of the nutritional information comes from the USDA (US Department of Agriculture). This means that the information for natural products is often incomplete or only given within broader categories, whereas in most cases products made from these have more complete information displayed.
If we take flaxseed, for example, the important essential amino acid ALA (omega-3) is only included in an overarching category whereas for flaxseed oil ALA is listed specifically. In time, we will be able to change this, but it will require a lot of work. An “i” appears behind ingredients that have been adjusted and an explanation appears when you hover over this symbol.
For Erb Muesli, the original calculations resulted in 48 % of the daily requirement of ALA — but with the correction, we see that the muesli actually covers >100 % of the necessary recommendation for the omega-3 fatty acid ALA. Our goal is to eventually be able to compare the nutritional value of our recipes with those that are used in conventional western lifestyles.
|Essential amino acids||2000 kCal|
|Thiamine (vitamin B1)||0.63 mg||57.0%|
|Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine)||0.44 mg||31.0%|
|Niacin (née vitamin B3)||4.6 mg||29.0%|
|Vitamin E, as a-TEs||3.3 mg||28.0%|
|Riboflavin (vitamin B2)||0.33 mg||23.0%|
|Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)||7.7 mg||10.0%|
|Vitamin A, as RAE||64 µg||8.0%|
|Vitamin K||5.4 µg||7.0%|
|Folate, as the active form of folic acid (née vitamin B9 and B11)||10 µg||5.0%|
|Vitamin D||0 µg||< 0.1%|
|Essential macroelements (macronutrients)||2000 kCal|
|Calcium, Ca||931 mg||116.0%|
|Magnesium, Mg||366 mg||98.0%|
|Potassium, K||1'788 mg||89.0%|
|Phosphorus, P||499 mg||71.0%|
|Sodium, Na||168 mg||21.0%|
|Essential trace elements (micronutrients)||2000 kCal|
|Iron, Fe||66 mg||474.0%|
|Manganese, Mn||3.3 mg||167.0%|
|Copper, Cu||0.87 mg||87.0%|
|Zinc, Zn||4.8 mg||48.0%|
|Selenium, Se||5.2 µg||9.0%|