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Millet, raw

Raw millet contains high levels of silicon, iron, and vitamin B6, as well as fluoride, sulfur, phosphorous, magnesium, and potassium.

Millet or proso millet (common millet) is a grass species and unlike sorghum millet also a grain. It belongs to the sweet grasses and has been used in Central Asia to make unleavened flatbread for over 8,000 years. Today, millet is also used to brew gluten-free beer. Hulled millet is the type of millet commonly sold in stores today. Unhulled millet contains higher levels of minerals and trace elements, but also a considerable amount of hydrocyanic acid.

General information:

From Wikipedia: “Millets are a group of highly variable small-seeded grasses, widely grown around the world as cereal crops or grains for fodder and human food. Millets are important crops in the semiarid tropics of Asia and Africa (especially in India, Mali, Nigeria, and Niger), with 97% of millet production in developing countries. The crop is favored due to its productivity and short growing season under dry, high-temperature conditions.

The most widely grown millet is pearl millet, which is an important crop in India and parts of Africa. Finger millet, proso millet, and foxtail milletare also important crop species. In the developed world, millets are less important. For example, in the United States, only proso millet is significant, and it is mostly grown for bird seed.”

Nutritional value:

“In a 100 gram serving, raw millet provides 378 calories and is a rich source (20% or more of the Daily Value, DV) of protein, dietary fiber, several B vitamins and numerous dietary minerals, especially manganese at 76% DV (USDA nutrient table). Raw millet is 73% carbohydrates, 4% fat and 11% protein.”

Millet varieties:

“Major millets (the most widely cultivated species)

- Eragrostideae tribe: 

  • Eleusine coracana: finger millet (also known as ragi, nachani, mandua or Kezhvaraguin India), fourth-most cultivated millet

- Paniceae tribe:

  • Panicum miliaceum: proso millet (syn. : common millet, broom corn millet, hog millet or white millet, "chena" or Chin' in Hindi, "Pani-varagu" in Tamil, "Baragu" in Kannada), third-most cultivated millet
  • Pennisetum glaucum: pearl millet (also known as Sajjalu in Andhra Pradesh, Sajje in Kannada and kambu as referred by other South Indian states and bajra in Hindi), the most cultivated millet
  • Setaria italica: foxtail millet, the second-most cultivated millet (also known as korralu in Andhra Pradesh and thinai in Tamil Nadu and kang or rala in Maharashtra, kakum in Hindi)

- Andropogoneae tribe: 

Sorghum is also counted as major millets and known asjonna in Andhra Pradesh, Jolla' in Kannada,cholam in Tamil Nadu and Jowar in Hindi.”

Culinary uses:

“Millets are major food sources in arid and semiarid regions of the world, and feature in the traditional cuisine of many others. In western India, sorghum ... has been commonly used with millet flour (called jowari in western India) for hundreds of years to make the local staple, hand-rolled (that is, made without a rolling pin) flat bread. ...  Another cereal grain popularly used in rural areas and by poor people to consume as a staple in the form of roti ...

Millet porridge is a traditional food in Russian, German, and Chinese сuisines.”

Information on proso millet:

From “https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proso_millet”: “Both the wild ancestor and location of the original domestication of proso millet are unknown, but it first appears as a crop in both Transcaucasia and China about 7,000 years ago, suggesting it may have been domesticated independently in each area. It is still extensively cultivated in India, Russia, Ukraine, the Middle East, Turkey and Romania. In the United States, proso is mainly grown for birdseed. It is sold as a health food, and due to its lack of gluten, it can be included in the diets of people who cannot tolerate wheat.”